The structural design process of a complete construction project is divided into three phases Planning, Design, and Construction.
The planning phase will consider the various factors that affect the layout and the dimension of the structure. Here, the decision is made based on the function of the building. Next factor under consideration will be aesthetics, sociology, the economy and the environment.
In the design phase, the structural design details of every building member are determined. Here, the dimensions, proportions and connection details of all structural members are determined. The construction phase of a structural design project will involve the procurement of materials and equipment, labor movement and the erection process. Practical difficulties will demand for the redesign of the particular work.